"I can accept failure. Everyone fails at something, but I can not accept not trying." --Michael Jordan

EDITING QUICK FACTS

 

"If there is a book you want to read, but it hasn't been written yet, you must be the one to write it." --Toni Morrison

MANUSCRIPT EDITING SERVICES

WHAT IS MANUSCRIPT EDITING?

Manuscript editing is making systematic changes to a manuscript to fine tune or revise the content to be free of spelling, grammar, and punctuation errors. There are three levels of editing: light, medium, and heavy. Heavier levels of editing involve addressing other writing issues, including but not limited to: logical flow, structure, format, tone, and readability. Manuscript Editing is broken down into four types of editing: copy editing, line editing, developmental editing, and proofreading.

WHY GET A MANUSCRIPT EDIT?

Most manuscripts are not complete after the first draft, no matter what your writing skill is. It is wise to always view your manuscript as a work in progress, because there is always room for improvement —especially if you’ve only written one draft! Your first draft is usually your initial thoughts of the work finally extracted from your head and out on paper, but imagine what your story could be if you spent more time cultivating the world you’ve created. Having a writing critique is the best way to start expanding that world; and having a manuscript edit is the best way to ensure that the world you created is clear to the reader and free of errors.

 

Your editor will be able to spot any errors that you may have skimmed over after spending so much time on it. Your manuscript edit will ensure your reader has a great experience reading your material in a clear and concise manner. Nothing is more frustrating for a reader than tripping over all of your misspelled words, and grammatical errors —they distract from the story.

 

If you too are a professional writer or editor, you may only need a proofread —assuming that you take your self-editing seriously. Unfortunately, there are limits to self-editing. Authors can never see their work with the type of clarity that others can —this is why editing is so important. Having actual eyes, other than your own (not spell check or computers) on your manuscript can really make a big difference in its’ overall health.

 
 

"If they don't give you a seat at the table, bring a folding chair."
--Shirley Chisholm

 
 
 
 

THE DIFFERENT TYPES OF MANUSCRIPT EDITING SERVICES

COPY EDITING

A copy editor looks at the overall grammar and mechanics of your manuscript. They check the project at the sentence level for: spelling, style, punctuation, etc. These changes often happen at the sentence and paragraph level.

We will have 2-3 creative writers and editors on our team review your manuscript. 

  • We are examining: every word, letter, and punctuation mark. Here, we are making small substantial changes to the manuscript.

  • This includes:

    • Correcting any typos, especially spelling, grammar, punctuation, and syntax errors

    • Filling in missing words

    • Making new paragraphs to break up long passages

    • Ensuring consistent spelling, hyphenation, numerals, fonts, and capitalization

    • Flagging ambiguous or factually incorrect statements (crucial for non-fiction)

    • Track larger concerns like discrepancies in your plot, setting, and character traits

LINE EDITING

A line editor works on copy editing and the overall writing craft. Here the focus is on bigger issues, including: voice, writing style, readability, characterization, plotting, and storytelling.

We will have 2-3 creative writers and editors on our team review your manuscript. 

  • We are concentrating on your manuscript’s creative elements, like the writing style and language use in each sentence (or every line).

  • This includes addressing:

    • Run-on sentences and unnecessary/overused words

    • Information redundancies

    • Shifts in tone

    • Unnatural/inconsistent phrasing

    • Confusing narrative and character dialogue

    • Pacing improvements

    • Overall story communication

DEVLOPMENTAL EDITING

A line editor works on copy editing and the overall writing craft. Here the focus is on bigger issues, including: voice, writing style, readability, characterization, plotting, and storytelling.

We will have 2-3 creative writers and editors on our team review your manuscript. 

  • We are assisting in the overall story structure, character development, use of language, and feeling of the manuscript.

  • This includes addressing:

    • Clarity in writing

    • Ambiguity

    • Tense

    • Structure

    • POV

    • Plot Holes

    • Character Motivation

    • Continuity

    • Character Development

    • Story Arcs

    • Reader Expectation

    • Use of Dialogue

    • Presentation

    • Audience

PROOFREADING

Proofreaders perform a final examination of a manuscript, specifically looking for typos, formatting issues, grammatical mistakes, and other specific deets. Proofreading is highly recommended after at least 2 rounds of professional editing, because it is the final stamp of approval for your manuscript before publishing.

  • When proofreading, we are literally making sure that everything is ready for print with no errors.

  • This includes, addressing:

  • Spelling

  • Grammar

  • Punctuation

  • Capitalization

  • Consistency

  • Syntax

  • Hyphenation

  • Number Formatting

  • Page Breaks

  • Headers/Footers

  • Page Numbering

 

SELF EDITING TIPS & TRICKS

 
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"If you don't have confidence, you'll always find a way not to win." --Carl Lewis

HOW MUCH DOES IT COST TO HIRE AN EDITOR?

HOW MUCH DO EDITORS CHARGE?

Like many other professions, editing costs vary by the editor and the cost for their specific time and energy. Depending on the editor, they may charge: a flat rate, hourly, by page, and even by word count. Before beginning the project, a truly professional editor is likely to request a writing sample, assess the level of editing required for your work, and create a service agreement. The agreement is likely to outline: the scope of work, exactly what work is being done, the project cost and a confidentiality clause. Make sure to throughly review this agreement and ask questions to ensure that you are both on the same page, for a smooth process.

WHAT ARE THE AVERAGE RATES FOR AN EDITOR?

On average, rates can range from:

Copy Editing:

Flat Rate: $200.00 - $2,500.00

Hourly Rate: $25.00 - $350.00

Page Rate: $2.50 - $5.00

Per Word Rate: $0.02 - $0.04

 

Line Editing

Flat Rate: $100.00 - $3,500.00

Hourly Rate: $25.00 - $350.00

Page Rate: $5.00 - $15.00

Per Word Rate: $0.04 - $0.09

 

Developmental Editing

Flat Rate: $100.00 - $5,000.00

Hourly Rate: $25.00 - $350.00

Page Rate: $7.50 - $20.00

Per Word Rate: $0.07 - $0.12

 

Proofreading

Flat Rate: $100.00 - $1,500.00

Hourly Rate: $25.00 - $350.00

Page Rate: $1.50 - $3.50

Per Word Rate: $0.01 - $0.02

WHAT ARE EDITING REVISIONS?

A revision is editing done by the editor, after they have already edited the material. Most editors will charge an additional fee to reread material revised by the author after an edit, because it represents additional time spent on the project. Revisions are most common with line editors and developmental editors, who are already familiar with your work. Usually the price of a revision is less than the initial edit because there should be fewer errors to correct, but likely still has a few typos and grammatical issues to address.

 

Pro Tip: Try to negotiate at least one free revision round with your editor. If your editors refuses on a free revision, don’t fret because they usually still give you a break on pricing after an initial edit with them. This way you won’t have to break the bank getting edits for your manuscript.

 

WHAT IS A BETA READER?

 
 
 

A beta reader is a person who reads and provides feedback on your manuscript before publishing. A beta reader is one of the most important people you can have during the revision and editing processes; because they provide additional perspective on your manuscript. The reasons you need an editor, are the same for why you need a beta reader. They both have the necessary emotional distance to read your manuscript objectively, and provide unbiased feedback on your manuscript. Most beta readers are not paid, but it never hurts to be a little generous to thank them for their time.

 

Pro Tip: Even if it’s not money —try to compensate them in some way for assisting you. Express gratitude in any way that you can, and it will come back to you multiplied. (We practice sharing positive energy here at Phase Comics Creative Studios.)

“Most people can’t deal with the reality,
but indulge in fantasy and fear.” —Betty Shabazz

 

HOW TO GET YOUR MANUSCRIPT EDITED?

WHY DO EDITORS ASK FOR WRITING SAMPLES?

A professional editor may ask for a writing sample of your work in order to completely determine the full scope of work, how much time it will take, and exactly what level of writing edit (light, medium, or heavy) you will need. After reviewing your writing sample, your potential editor may continue with you service request, or use examples from your writing to show the need for a higher level of editing. If your editor suggests a higher level of editing, it does not mean that you are a bad writer; it simply means that while your manuscript may be strong, there are areas that could be stronger. The editor wants to ensure that your manuscript is received in the best possible light by your audience.

 

Pro Tip: It is highly recommended that you get into the habit of receiving feedback for your work in the early stages—especially considering that your intent is to put your manuscript into the world for people to enjoy. You may be surprised at how many authors refuse to be receptive to ideas other than their own. If you were the only person in the world, what kind of world would that really be? Your editor’s intent is not to tear down your ideas, but to enhance them for the most legendary reading experience for your readers.

WHAT ARE THE LEVELS OF MANUSCRIPT EDITING?

Light Editing

 

 

Medium Editing

 

 

Heaving Editing

Sometimes an editor will suggest a complete rewrite, because of how time consuming and labor intensive some heavy edits can be.

HOW MUCH WRITING SHOULD YOU SEND TO AN EDITOR?

It is recommended that you send a good portion of your work to your editors to review as a sample. Half the manuscript, or a few pages from each chapter is sufficient. However, if you are worried about your work being stolen, request that your editor sign an NDA (non-disclosure agreement) prior to sending the sample. Professional editors are highly unlikely to slither away with your manuscript though, as this will surely tarnish their reputations and relationships. After viewing your manuscript, and concluding which level of editing your manuscript needs, your editor will send you a service agreement that outlines the scope of work, exactly what work is being done, the project cost and a confidentiality clause. Make sure to throughly review this agreement and ask questions to ensure that you are both on the same page.

 

Pro Tip: It is highly recommended to meet with your editor prior to the editing process. During your meeting, be sure to discuss your overall story goals, and your specific editing goals for your manuscript. This way, alongside their regular editorial duties, they can keep a special eye out for ways to improve your manuscript to further align with your vision for the story. This will also improve your relationship with your editor, and make the project more fun and engaging for both parties!

 
 
 

WHAT TO LOOK FOR IN AN EDITOR?

-Look for an editor that has quality experience writing in the arena, genre, and language that you are writing in.

-If you are not self-publishing, having your manuscript professionally edited, drastically improves the chances of a publisher picking up your book.

-No matter what type or level of editing you are receiving, make sure the service is precise, accurate, on time, and of the highest quality.

-Make sure you editor is someone that you trust and understand you as a writer to assist in cultivating your highest potential in your writing.

“The need for change,
bulldozed a road down the center of my mind.” —Maya Angelou